24 : JONESBORO, ARKANSAS CITY GUIDE 2018 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500 1500s s s s-1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830 -1830s s s s s 1830s - Arkansas Native American Indian tribes were removed to Oklahoma on what has become known as The Trail of Tears Spaniard Hernando de Soto crossed the Mississippi River into what is now northeast Arkansas in June 1541.{de Soto, Hernando. Photograph. Britannica Online for Kids. Web. 29 Dec. 2015. } 1819 - Arkansas becomes a separate territory (map by David Reed) 1850 - US Congress grants state of Arkansas all swamp and overflow lands, including the land that is now Craighead County 1859 - Craighead County established with land from Mississippi, Poinsett and Greene Counties By early 1820s, settlers had begun immigrating into Arkansas May 1811-January 1812 - Great Comet of 1811 is visible for approx. 260 days 1811-1812 - New Madrid Earthquake occurs on December 16 and continues into 1812 1835 - Town of Greensboro settled with building of the county’s first gristmill. Gristmill in photo was in Searcy Co. Early St. Francis River Bridge 1803 - Louisiana Purchase 1500s Arkansas’ Lands prior to New Madrid Earthquake, Donald E. Sheppard, 1-1-16 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830 1830s s s s s-1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850 -1850s s s s s New Madrid, Territory of Missouri, March 22, 1816 - Eyewitness Account of 1811 Earthquake On the 16th of December, 1811, about two o’clock, A.M., we were visited by a violent shock of an earthquake, accompanied by a very awful noise resembling loud but distant thunder, but more hoarse and vibrating, which was followed in a few minutes by the complete saturation of the atmosphere, with sulphurious vapor, causing total darkness. The screams of the affrighted inhabitants running to and fro, not knowing where to go, or what to do - the cries of the fowls and beasts of every species - the cracking of trees falling, and the roaring of the Mississippi - the current of which was retrogade for a few minutes, owing as is supposed, to an irruption in its bed -- formed a scene truly horrible. From that time until about sunrise, a number of lighter shocks occurred; at which time one still more violent than the first took place, with the same accompaniments as the first, and the terror which had been excited in everyone, and indeed in all animal nature, was now, if possible doubled. The inhabitants fled in every direction to the country, supposing (if it can be admitted that their minds can be exercised at all) that there was less danger at a distance from, than near to the river. In one person, a female, the alarm was so great that she fainted, and could not be recovered. There were several shocks of a day, but lighterthanthosealreadymentioneduntilthe23d of January, 1812, when one occurred as violent as the severest of the former ones, accompanied by the same phenomena as the former. From this time until the 4th of February the earth was in continual agitation, visibly waving as a gentle sea. On that day there was another shock, nearly as hard as the proceeding ones. Next day four such, and on the 7th about 4 o’clock A.M., a concussion took place so much more violent than those that had proceeded it, that it was dominated the hard shock. The awful darkness of the atmosphere, which was formerly saturated with sulphurious vapor, and the violence of the tempestuous thundering noise that accompanied it, together with all of the other phenomena mentioned as attending the former ones, formed a scene, the description of which would require the most sublimely fanciful imagination. At first the Mississippi seemed to recede from its banks, and its waters gathering up like a mountain, leaving for the moment many boats, which were here on their way to New Orleans, on bare sand, in which time the poor sailors made their escape from them. It then rising fifteen to twenty feet perpendicularly, and expanding, as it were, at the same moment, the banks were overflowed with the retrograde current, rapid as a torrent - the boats which before had been left on the sand were now torn from their moorings, and suddenly driven up a little creek, at the mouth of which they laid, to the distance in some instances, of nearly a quarter of a mile. The river falling immediately, as rapid as it had risen, receded in its banks again with such violence, that it took with it whole groves of young cotton-wood trees, which ledged its borders. They were broken off which such regularity, in some instances, that persons who had not witnessed the fact, would be difficultly persuaded, that is has not been the work of art. A great many fish were left on the banks, being unable to keep pace with the water. The river was literally covered with the wrecks